Culture & History
Bibliography of Innu works

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Suggested Reading

Alton Mackey, M.G.
1988 "The Impact of Imported Foods on the Traditional Inuit Diet." Circumpolar Health, 1987. Proceedings of the 7th International Congress on Circumpolar Health.

1984 An Evaluation of Household Country Food Use in Selected Labrador Coast Communities. 5 vols. St.John's: Extension Service and Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland.

Alton Mackey, M.G. and K. Murray Boles
1983 The Birthing of Nutrition Education in Labrador. Labrador Institute of Northern Studies, Memorial University.

André, Anne
1976 Je suis une maudite sauvagesse. Ottawa: Leméac.

Andrew, Ben and Peter Sarsfield
1985 "Innu health: the role of self-determination." Circumpolar Health, 1984. Proceedings of the 6th International Congress on Circumpolar Health. pp.428-430.

1939 Article about Father Joseph O'Brien. Observer's Weekly. St.John's. July 11, pp.7,10.

1961 "Labrador Indians' Plight 'Could Hardly be Worse.'" The Evening Telegram. St. John's. March 22, p.3.

Antane, S. and P. Kanikuen
1984 "The Innut and their Struggle Against Assimilation." Native Issues. 4(1):25-33.

Armitage, Peter
1992 Religious Ideology Among the Innu of Eastern Quebec and Labrador. Religiologiques. 6:64-110.

1992 Les premières nations, les médias et le pouvoir de l'opinion publique. Anthropologie et Sociétés. 16(3):77-101.

1991 The Innu. New York: Chelsea House Publishers.

1990 Land Use and Occupancy Among the Innu of Utshimassit and Sheshatshit. Sheshatshiu: Innu Nation.

1989 Homeland or Wasteland? Contemporary Land Use and Occupancy Among the Innu of Utshimassit and Sheshatshit and the Impact of Military Expansion. Submission to the Federal Environmental Assessment Panel Reviewing Military Flying Activities in Nitassinan. Sheshatshit: NMIA.

1984 "The Religious Significance of Animals in Innu Culture." Native Issues. 4(1):50-56.

Baikie, Maureen
1985a "Tuberculosis in Northern Labrador." Grenfell Clinical Quarterly. 1(2):37-39.

1985b "The Health of Northern Labrador's Children." Grenfell Clinical Quarterly. 2(3):150-153.

Bédard, Hélène
1988 Les Montagnais et la réserve de Betsiamites, 1850-1900. Quebec: Institut québécois de recherche sur la culture.

Bellefleur, Charles Api
1998 Kassinu aitishipuht peminaht ute uinipekut mak nutshimit. Sept-Iles: ICEM.

Beltrame, Julian
1988 "Suicide Attempts Jar Innu Leaders." Calgary Herald. November 25, p. D11.

Berger, Maria.
1982 Mealy Mountain Caribou Population Census on the Winter Range, 1981. Newfoundland-Labrador Wildlife Division Internal Field Project Report No. 4105.

Bergerud, Arthur T.
1967 "Management of Labrador Caribou." Journal of Wildlife Management. 31(4):621-642.

Bouchard, Serge
1982 Chroniques de Chasse d'un Montagnais de Mingan. Quebec: Ministère des Affaires culturelles. Reprinted 2005 by Les Editions du Boréal, Montreal.

Bouchard, Serge and José Mailhot
1973 "Structure du lexique: les animaux indiens." Recherches amérindiennes au Québec. 3(1-2): 39-67.

Brice-Bennet, Carol
1986 Renewable Resource Use and Wage Employment in the Economy of Northern Labrador. Background report for the Royal Commission on Employment and Unemployment, Newfoundland and Labrador.

Budgel, Richard
1984 "Canada, Newfoundland, and the Labrador Indians: Government Involvement with the Montagnais-Naskapi, 1949-69." Native Issues. 4(1):38-49.

Byrne, Nympha and Camille Fouillard (eds.)
2000 It's Like the Legend: Innu Women's Voices. Charlottetown, PEI: Gynergy Books.

Cabot, William B.
1922 "The Indians." In T. Grenfell, et al. Labrador, the Country and the People. New York, pp.184-225.

1912 In Northern Labrador. Boston.

Cavanagh, Beverley
1985 "Les mythes et la musique naskapis." Recherches amérindiennes au Québec. 15(4):5-18.

Charest, Paul
1987 "Les vols à basse altitude et le renouveau culturel des Innus Montagnais-Naskapi." Option Paix. 5(2):16-19.

Clarke, Sandra
1982 North-West River (Sheshatshit) Montagnais: A Grammatical Sketch. Ottawa: National Museums of Canada.

Cleary, Bernard
1989 L'enfant de 7000 ans. Montreal: Septentrion.

Clément, Daniel
1995 La zoologie des Montagnais. Paris: Editions Peeters . Selaf 350.

1987 "Maikan (le loup)." Recherches amérindiennes au Québec. 17(4): 59-85.

1986 "Hikuh (l'hermine)." Recherches amérindiennes au Québec. 16(1): 71-78.

Cooke, Alan
1981 Naskapi Independence and the Caribou. Montreal: Centre for Northern Studies and Research, McGill University.

1976 A History of the Naskapi of Schefferville. Preliminary Draft. Unpublished manuscript. Naskapi Band Council of Schefferville.

Davies, W.H.A.
1854 Notes on Ungava Bay and its vicinity. Trans. Liter. and Hist. Soc. Quebec.

Desbarats, Peter
1969 What They Used to Tell About: Indian Legends From Labrador. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart Ltd.

Denton, David
1989 "La période préhistorique récente dans la région de Caniapiscau." Recherches amérindiennes au Québec. 19(2-3):59-76.

Deschênes, Jean-Guy
1981 "La contribution de Frank G. Speck à l'anthropologie des amérindiens du Québec." Recherches amérindiennes au Québec. 11(3):205-220.

Dominique, Richard
1989 Le langage de la chasse. Récit autobiographique de Michel Grégoire, Montagnais de Natashquan. Quebec: Presses de L'Université du Québec.

Drapeau, Lynn and José Mailhot
1986 L'uniformisation de l'orthographe montagnaise, document de travail. Prepared for the Institut éducatif et culturel attikamek-montagnais.

Fitzhugh, William W.
1972 Environmental Archaeology and Cultural Systems in Hamilton Inlet, Labrador. Smithsonian Contributions to Anthropology No. 16. Washington, D.C.

1977 "Indian and Eskimo/Inuit Settlement History in Labrador: An Archaeological View." In Brice-Bennett (ed.). Our Footprints are Everywhere. Nain: Labrador Inuit Association.

1978 "Winter Cove-4 and the Point Revenge Occupation of the Central Labrador Coast." Arctic Anthropology. 15(2):146-174.

Flannery, Regina
1939 "The Shaking-tent Rite among the Cree and Montagnais of James Bay." Primitive Man. 12:11-16.

Fouillard, Camille (ed.)
1995 Gathering Voices: Finding Strength to Help Our Children. Vancouver: Douglas and McIntyre.

Frenette, Jacques
1980 Le poste de Mingan au 19ième siecle. M.A. Thesis, Laval University, Quebec.

Hammond, Marc
1994 On the Use of Labrador by Quebec Naskapi Ancestors. Report prepared for the Naskapi Band of Quebec.

Henriksen, Georg
2002 Review of Colin Samson's A Way of Life that Does Not Exist: Canada and the Extinguishment of the Innu. In Newfoundland Studies. 18(2):316-321.

1994 "The Mushuau Innu of Labrador: Self-Government, Innovation and Socio-Cultural Continuity by Georg Henriksen." Proactive. 13(1):2-22.

1973 Hunters in the Barrens. St.John's: ISER.

Hind, Henry Youle
1863 Explorations in the Interior of the Labrador Peninsula, the Country of the Montagnais and Nasquapee Indians. London:

Hubbard, Mina Benson
1983[1908] A Woman's Way Through Unknown Labrador. St.John's: Breakwater.

Jauvin, Serge
1993 Aitnanu: La vie quotidienne d'Hélène et de William-Mathieu Mark. Ottawa: National Museum of Civilization (available in English). About La Romaine, Quebec. Published in English as Aitnanu: the Lives of Hélène and William-Mathieu Mark.

Jesuit Relations (Thwaites Reuben G., ed.)
1986-1901 The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents: Travel and Explorations of the Jesuit Missionaries in New France, 1610- 1791; the Original French, Latin and Italian Texts, with English Translations and Notes. 73 vols. Cleveland:Burrows Brothers (Reprinted, New York:Pageant, 1954).

Kapesh, An Antane
2004 Tanite nene etutamin nitassi? Sept-Iles: ICEM.

Kennedy, John C.
1977 "Northern Labrador: An Ethnohistorical Account." In R. Paine (ed.). The White Arctic: Anthropological Essays on Tutelage and Ethnicity. St.John's:ISER. pp. 264-305.

Kitowski, Barbara
1985 "The 'gathering' at Davis Inlet." Along the Coast. St. Anthony: Grenfell Regional Health Services, June.

Kurelek, Cathy
1992 "When Are You Leaving" Search for an Appropriate Research Methodology for Work with Aboriginal Peoples. MA Thesis: Carleton University, Department of Sociology and Anthropology.

Lamothe, Arthur
1984 Mémoire Battante. Montreal: Les ateliers audio-visuels du Québec.

Leacock, Eleanor
1969[1987] "The Innu Bands of Labrador." In B. Cox (ed.). Native People, Native Lands: Canadian Indians, Inuit and Metis. Ottawa: Carleton University Press.

1954 The Montagnais 'Hunting Territory' and the Fur Trade. American Anthropology Association Memoirs. 56(5), Memoir no.78.

Leacock, Eleanor and Nan A. Rothschild
1994 Labrador Winter: the Ethnographic Journals of William Duncan Strong, 1927-1928. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Lefebvre, Madeleine
1974 Tshakapesh: récits Montagnais-Naskapi. Quebec: Ministère des affaires culturelles.

Lévesque, Carol
1976 La culture materielle des indiens du Québec: une étude de raquettes, mocassins et toboggans. Ottawa: National Museums of Canada. Canadian Ethnology Service. Paper No. 33.

Loring, Stephen
1989a "Une réserve d'outils de la période intermédiaire sur la côte du Labrador." Recherches amérindiennes au Québec. 19(2-3):45-58.

1989b "Tikkoattokak (HdCl-1), a Late Prehistoric Indian Site Near Nain." In J. Callum Thomson and Jane Sproull Thomson (eds.). Archaeology in Newfoundland and Labrador 1986. Annual Report 7. St.John's: Government of Newfoundland, Historic Resources Division. pp.52-71.

1985 "Archaeological Investigations into the Nature of the Late Prehistoric Indian Occupation in Labrador: a Report on the 1984 Field Season." In Jane Sproull Thomson and J. Callum Thomson (eds.). Archaeology in Newfoundland and Labrador 1984. Annual Report 5. St.John's: Government of Newfoundland, Historic Resources Division. pp.122-153.

1983 "An Archaeological Survey of the Inner Bay Region Between Nain and Davis Inlet, Labrador: a Report of 1982 Fieldwork." In Jane Sproull Thomson and J. Callum Thomson (eds.). Archaeology in Newfoundland and Labrador 1982. Annual Report 3. St.John's: Government of Newfoundland, Historic Resources Division. pp.32-56.

Low, A.P.
1896 Report on Explorations in the Labrador Peninsula Along the East Main, Koksoak, Hamilton, Manicuagan and Portions of Other Rivers, in 1892-93-94-95. Geological Survey of Canada, Annual Report.

Mailhot, José
1997 The People of Sheshatshit. St. John's: ISER.

1993 Les gens de Sheshatshit: Au pays des Innus. Montreal: Recherches amérindiennes au Québec.

1987 "Montagnais Opposition to the Militarization of their Land: An Historical Perspective." Native Issues. 7(1):47-54.

1986a "Beyond Everyone's Horizon Stand the Naskapi." Ethnohistory. 33(4):384-418.

1986b "Territorial Mobility Among the Montagnais-Naskapi of Labrador." Anthropologica. 18(1-2):93-107.

1982 "L'imbroglio des noms de personne chez les Montagnais." Paper presented to the 14th Algonkian Conference, Quebec City.

Mailhot, José and Andree Michaud
1965 North West River: Etude ethnographique. Centre d'études nordiques, Laval University.

Mailhot, José, Jean-Paul Simard, and Sylvie Vincent
1980 "On est toujours l'Esquimau de quelqu'un." In Charles A. Martijn and Norman Clermont (eds.). Les Inuit du Québec-Labrador méridional - The Inuit of Southern Quebec-Labrador. Etudes/Inuit/Studies. 4(1-2):77-104.

Mak, Andras
1982 Présence historique et contemporaine des Montagnais sur la Basse-côte-nord. Quebec: Laval University.

Markham, Nigel
1985 "Monsignor Edward O'Brien: Missionary to the Innu." Them Days. 10(3):4-7.

McCaffrey, Moira T.
1989 "L'acquisition et l'échange de matières lithiques durant la Préhistoire récente." Recherches amérindiennes au Québec. 19(2-3):95-107.

McCaffrey, Moira T., S. Loring, and W.W. Fitzhugh
1989 "An Archaeological Reconnaissance of the Seal Lake Region, Interior Labrador." In J. Callum Thomson and Jane Sproull Thomson (eds.). Archaeology in Newfoundland and Labrador 1986. Annual Report 7. St.John's: Government of Newfoundland, Historic Resources Division. pp.114-163.

McGee, John T.
1961 Cultural Stability and Change Among the Montagnais Indians of the Lake Melville Region of Labrador. Washington: Catholic University of America Press.

McKenzie, Pierre
2001 Nitipatshimun. Sept-Iles: ICEM.

McLean, John
1932[1849] John McLean's Notes of a Twenty-five Year's Service in the Hudson's Bay Territory. Ed. W.S. Wallace. Toronto: Champlain Society.

McRae, Donald W.
1993 Report of the Complaints of the Innu of Labrador to the Canadian Human Rights Commission. 18 Aug.

1994 Tshishenniu-Maninuish umishta-aiatshimun. Montreal and Mingan: Recherches amérindiennes qu Québec and Mamit Innuat.

Mollen, Desneiges Mestokosho
2004 Ushinamutau. Sept-Iles: ICEM.

Nagle, Christopher
1978 "Indian Occupations of the Intermediate Period on the Central Labrador Coast: a Preliminary Synthesis." Arctic Anthropology. 15(2):119-145.

Naskapi Montagnais Innu Association
1986 "We Are a Distinct People." Native Issues. 6(1):33-36.

Nolin, Luc
1989 "1350 ans d'histoire au site GaEk-1 du lac Caniapiscau central, Nouveau-Québec." Recherches amérindiennes au Québec. 19(2-3):77-94.

Nutshimiu-Atusseun. nd. Akuanutin Nutshimiu-Aimun. Sept-Iles, Quebec.

Oosthoek, Sharon and Diana Hethercott
1995 Spirits of Davis Inlet. Southam Interactive CD-ROM. To order, phone 905-526-3438 or fax 905-526-3208.

Penashue, Pien
1994 Pien Penashue Tipatshimu e Natuunanut. Happy Valley-Goose Bay: Labrador College. Innu Adult Basic Education Program.

Podolinsky Webber, Alika
1988a The Bata Shoe Museum Typology and Glossary for North American Indian and Eskimo Footwear. Unpublished manuscript.

1988b The Sun and its Containers. Unpublished manuscript.

1988c Decoration Among the Northeastern Algonkians. Unpublished manuscript.

1987 The Bear, A Lord Unto Himself. Unpublished manuscript.

1986 Symbols of Breath. Unpublished manuscript.

1984 The Rod and the Circle. Unpublished manuscript.

1983 "Ceremonial Robes of the Montagnais-Naskapi." American Indian Art Magazine. Winter, pp.60-77.

1982 The Woman's Rolled-up Sewing Kit. Unpublished manuscript.

1980 Hidden Patterns. Unpublished manuscript.

1973 "The Healing Vision: Naskapi Natutshikans." Arts Canada. Dec/January. pp.150-153.

1968 "A Painting Tool." The Beaver. Summer. pp.24-26.

1964 "Divination Rites." The Beaver. Summer. pp.40-41.

Podolinsky Webber, Alika and Ray Webber
1963 "The Naskapi Child." The Beaver. Winter. pp.14-17.

Privy Council (Great Britain) Judicial Committee.
1927 In the matter of the boundary between the Dominion of Canada and the Colony of Newfoundland in the Labrador Peninsula, between the Dominion of Canada of the one part and the Colony of Newfoundland of the other part. London: W.Clowes and Sons, Ltd. 12 vols.

1926 Forts and Trading Posts in Labrador Peninsula and Adjoining Territory. Ottawa: F.A. Acland.

Proulx, Jean-René
1988 "Acquisition de pouvoirs et tente tremblante chez les Montagnais: documents tirés de Mémoire battante d'Arthur Lamothe." Recherches amérindiennes au Québec. 18(2-3): 51- 60.

Rogers, Edward S. and Eleanor Leacock
1981 "Montagnais-Naskapi" (Synonymy section by David H. Pentland). In June Helm (ed.). Handbook of North American Indians. Washington: Smithsonian Institute. Vol.6, pp.169-189.

Ross, Philip D.
1986 Working on the Margins: A Labour History of the Native Peoples of Northern Labrador. PhD Thesis. Department of Anthropology, McGill University.

Rousseau, Jacques
1953 "Rites païens de la forêt québecoise: la tente tremblante et la suerie." Les Cahiers des Dix. 18:129-155.

Ryan, James R.
1988 Disciplining the Innut: Social Form and Control in Bush, Community and School. Unpublished Manuscript.

Samson, Colin
2003 A Way of Life that Does Not Exist: Canada and the Extinguishment of the Innu. St. John's: ISER.

Samson, Gilles.
1978 "Preliminary Cultural Sequence and Palaeo-environmental Reconstruction of the Indian House Region, Nouveau-Quebec." Arctic Anthropology. 15(2):186-205.

1976 "Ethno-history and Archaeology of the Mushuau Innuts." In W. Cowan (ed.). Papers of the Seventh Algonquian Conference. Ottawa: Carleton University.

Savard, Rémi
1985 La voix des autres. Montreal: L'Hexagone.

1979 Destins d'Amérique. Montreal: L'Hexagone.

1977 Le rire précolombien. Montreal: L'Hexagone/Parti Pris.

1972 Carcajou et le sens du monde: récits Montagnais-Naskapi. Quebec: Ministère des affaires culturelles.

Scott, Richard and Selina Conn
1987 "The Failure of Scientific Medicine: Davis Inlet as an Example of Sociopolitical Morbidity." Canadian Family Physician. 33, pp.1649-1653.

Speck, Frank
1977[1935] Naskapi. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

1915a Family Hunting Territories and Social Life of Various Algonkian Bands of the Ottawa Valley. Memoirs of the Canadian Geological Survey, Anthropological Series Number 8, Vol. 70:1-10. Ottawa: Canada Department of ines, Geological Survey.

1915b "The Family Hunting Band as the Basis of Algonkian Social Organization." American Anthropologist. 17:289-305.

Speck, Frank and Loren Eiseley
1942 "Montagnais-Naskapi Bands and Family Hunting Districts of the Central and Southeastern Labrador Peninsula." American Philosophical Society, Proceedings. 85:215-242.

Strong, William Duncan
1930 "A Stone Culture from Northern Labrador and its Relation to the Eskimo-like Cultures of the Northeast." American Anthropologist. 32(1):126-144.

Tanner, Adrian
1987 "The Significance of Hunting Territories Today." In B. Cox (ed.). Native People, Native Lands: Canadian Indians, Inuit and Metis. Ottawa: Carleton University Press, pp. 60-74.

1986 "The New Hunting Territory Debate: An Introduction to Some Unresolved Issues." Anthropologica. 18(1-2): 19-36.

1983 "Algonquian Land Tenure and State Structures in the North." Canadian Journal of Native Studies. 3(2): 311-320.

1979 Bringing Home Animals: Religious Ideology and Mode of Production of the Mistassini Cree Hunters. St.John's: ISER.

1973 "The Significance of Hunting Territories Today." In B. Cox, (ed.). Cultural Ecology. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, pp.101- 114.

Tanner, Adrian and Peter Armitage
1986 Environmental Impact Assessment: Ross Bay Junction - Churchill Falls Tote Road; Native Resource Use Study. St.John's: Department of Transportation, Government of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Tanner, Vaino
1944 Outlines of the Geography, Life and Customs of Newfoundland- Labrador (the Eastern Part of the Labrador Peninsula). Helsinki, Finland: Acta Geographica. 8(1):1-907.

Them Days Magazine
1985 Letters from Jack Keats (Mar.9, 1937) and Ralph Butt (Sept.26, 1941) to E.J. O'Brien. Happy Valley/Goose Bay: Them Days. 10(3):19-23.

Tompkins, Edward
1988 Pencilled Out: Newfoundland and Labrador's Native People and Canadian Confederation, 1947-1954. A report prepared for Jack Harris, M.P. on the impact of the exclusion of Newfoundland and Labrador's Native People from the Terms of Union in 1949.

Turner, Lucien M.
1894 Indians and Eskimos in the Quebec-Labrador Peninsula. Ethnology of the Ungava District, Hudson Bay Territory. Ann. Rept. Bur. Ethnology Smithsonian Institution 1889-90:159-350. Quebec: Presses COMEDITEX.

VanStone, James W.
1985 Material Culture of the Davis Inlet and Barren Ground Naskapi: the William Duncan Strong Collection. Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History.

Vincent, Sylvie
1982 "La tradition orale montagnaise: comment l'interroger? Cahiers de CLIO. no.70, pp.5-26.

1977 "Structures comparées du rite et des mythes de la tente tremblante." Actes du Huitième Congrés des Algonquinistes. Ottawa: Carleton University.

1973 "Structure du rituel: la tente tremblante et le concept de mistapew." Recherches amérindiennes au Québec. 3(1-2):69-83.

Vincent, Sylvie (ed.)
1978 Récits de la terre montagnaise. Unpublished manuscript.

Vincent, Sylvie and José Mailhot
1983 "Montagnais Land Tenure." The Indian and Inuit Supporter. III(1):16-27.

Wadden, Marie
1991 Nitassinan: The Innu Struggle to Reclaim their Homeland. Vancouver: Douglas and McIntyre.

Wotton, Kay
1983 "Mental Health of the Native People of Labrador." Indian and Inuit Supporter. 3(2):4-12.

Zimmerly, David W.
1975 Cain's Land Revisted. St.John's: ISER.